Human values like justice and mercy is hard if not impossible to encode as rules
Data scientist use proxies as an approximate gauge for the existence of values. These are inherently inaccurate if not downright wrong
While using of race as a feature to determine if loan should be approve is obviously racist, the use zip codes though not obvious is equally racist since race tends to segregate around geographical territories
Models are increasingly used to across various domains to help increase the speed of decision making. This increases the negative impact of badly designed models will have on humans
A feedback is necessary to ensure continuous correction of badly design models – transparency of how your credit score is calculated
Regulations are necessary on the use of models as companies driven by quarterly reporting requirements of shareholders are primarily be focused on the bottom line
Across multiple literature, its been stated privacy versus health will be one of the primary dichotomy societies around the world will need to juggle with as technological advances are made in the fields of artificial intelligence, communications (surveillance) and medical science (genetic research).
What is surprising was the rate at which the Corona pandemic catalyzed this change. In light of this, it is fascinating to observe how different societies position along the spectrum. Some societies has opted for surveillance to the maximum extend possible with current technology while others opted for its polar opposite going to the extend of staging mass protests against it use.
The AI Economy, Roger Bootler
To Be a Machine, Mark O’Connell
Irrational Exuberance, Shiller, Robert J.
Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence, Max Tegmark
The basis we use for interpreting what is happening our world is through the understanding of our history. History heavily relies on narrative constructs.
The critical flaw with using narration as a tool to understand, encode and communicate what has transpired is it can only support data in a chronological order while reality is inherently chaotic, multi-linear, on occasions non-linear and confounds understanding thus narration. To tell a coherent tale of what has transpired, authors are forced to decide what to include and leave out of the narrative they weave. This phenomena is commonly labelled as the narrative fallacy.
Compound narrative fallacy with a collection of common human cognitive bias such as the framing bias, survivor bias, confirmation bias and consistency bias and you get a recipe for a fragmented society. This is especially more so when you have multiple equally plausible narratives that are diametrically opposed but draw evidences from the same chaotic sample space to reinforce their positions.
The task of deciphering what has transpired becomes even more daunting to the everyday individual with the reintermediation of social platforms as our primary news source. In the days prior, individuals need only rely on one official news source on how to understanding what is happening, usually from their government. Now, individuals are bombard on a daily basis with news sources sponsored by multiple parties with varying interest and agendas. In this day and age, it has become crucial for individuals to exercise critical thinking.
Some final food for thoughts:
Iran is portrayed as an evil country in American media
America is portrayed as the devils incarnate in Iranian media
China is portrayed as an evil country in American media
America is portrayed as an evil country in Chinese media
Why is it that the winners are always as good and righteous in any battle?
“If God’s on our side, who the hell could be on theirs?” Private Reiben in Saving Private Ryan.
Wealth is really a subjective reflection of how we feel about the current state of things.
Finance unimpeded by dealing with physical objects tend to respond faster to news and sentiment than physical operations which are tied to physical infrastructure
Credit which the modern economy is built upon trust. In times of uncertainty, trust evaporates credit becomes unavailable. Credit crunch ensues.
Austrian economics versus Keynesian economics
Austrians economists, subscribe fully to the Adam’s invisible hand theory, hold the view the market is always rational, crashes are a necessary catharsis and central banks should not intervene to prevent the crash in this process of creative destruction.
Keynesian economists believe the markets are rational most of the time but malfunctions somethings. In these exceptional times it is necessary to step in to fix the malfunction so as to avert unnecessary hardship. Central banks are the lenders of last resort.
Keynesian economics on handling market malfunction
All market malfunction usually stems from an economic shock
the IT revolution shock lead to heavy and ultimately unsound investment in software technology. The period of rapidly advancing DotComs share prices, the underlying manic optimism, the resultant excess infrastructure capacity and excessive use of leverage marks the initial phase of this malfunction
at the height of the euphoria, market participants start to come to their senses, share prices start softening as demand fails to catch up with excess capacity.
fear sets in when market participants start exiting the market. Panic ensues, rapidly declining share prices and triggered margin calls compounds into a vicious cycle.
The key challenge for central banks in such turbulent times is to act with resolve to provide dollops upon dollops of credit all the way to infinity if necessary to tame the turbulence and to restore proper market functions.
Japan’s 20 years of stagflation and slow recovery post 2008 are outcomes of mild central bank response to stimulate the economy due to concerns over inflation
The real economy
aggregate demand – consumer side
aggregate supply – production side
availability of credit – money supply in the market
Sources of low inflation rate – lack of demand or excess production capacity
East Asian behavior which tends towards saving a larger portion of their earnings compared to the west
Aging population world wide which results in lesser consumption versus a younger population
Automation which allows for higher throughput volume given the same amount of resources.
Good news reporting should seeks to inform rather than sensationalize with attention grabbing headlines. Its easy to appear data driven but still be misleading if you do not use the proper frame for understanding the numbers
On investment bank predictions
When on the receiving end of predictions made by external parties it is important to understand the underlying agenda they are trying to achieve. When examined thoroughly, predictions made by investment banks are so bad and contradictory, they should just stop making public declarations.
However if taking into account their objective is not to inform but to incite a trading decision by their clients so as to make a commission or offload losing positions on their trading books, it makes perfect sense.
Liar’s poker: Rising through the wreckage on Wall Street, Micheal Lewis
A company is only likely to go bankrupt if its creditors recalls debts and it is not able to pay back.
In the event of a major wide spread disaster and there is no one around to take advantage of it, it is unlikely the creditors recall debts
creditors of airlines would more likely want to have all their clients continue generating revenue with the planes to pay off debt than to foreclose of them and take back planes which are at that point worthless inventory for them
Labor unions will not want to have all their union members laid off, they will likely go into negotiations to deal with salary issues.
Ships of cruises are likely to deteriorate fast and require Capex to upkeep
Credit lines and payment schedule can always be renegotiated if impact is industry wide
If creditors are not willing to recall debts, then what would be the cause of bankruptcy? Beware of fake news that preach doom and gloom with no underlying basis
If you bought too early into the dip and you are more than half way into the dip might as well hold on for the recovery. Trying to exit too late into the dip will only cause more losses to be unnecessarily incurred.
Oil specialists are either producers or consumers, it is hard to determine the demand unless you are an insider
Wait till all the bad news are out and sentiment has turned before entering into position. Its ok to only go into position after the company share price has advanced 100% from its lowest levels.