Federal Reserve interest rate cut decision 20191030


Core inflation at 1.8% continues to run below target 2%.

Federal reserve decides upon another 0.25% cut in interest rates, targeting range of 1.5% to 1.75%.

Action is taken to provide meaningful support to the economy in response to global economic slowdown and the increasing disinflationary pressure felt from around the world. The special characteristics of this particular slow down is a lack of any large imbalances in the economy.

Dual mandate of the federal reserve

2% symmetrical inflation target

  • Stable prices
  • Low unemployment rates

economic indicators

  • Consumer confidence remains strong
  • Unemployment rate is at historic low
  • Business fixed investments has slowed
  • Global exports has slowed
  • Manufacturing compared to a year ago is down

macro environment risk

  • protracted US/China trade risk is down
  • No deal Brexit risk is down

economic health monitor

  • Leverage in financial system: low
  • Funding risk in banks and non-banks: low
  • Asset prices: no major bubble, high in some
  • Leverage in non-financial sector
    • households:  gone down
    • businesses + corporate debts: historic high

Liquidity concerns

  • Concerns in Overnight Repo markets persist.
  • Banks have liquidity in excess of required reserves level but choose not to participate in the markets.
  • Federal reserve will seek to inject short term liquidity into the system
    • build up short term treasury reserves
    • buying into short term treasury bills thereby boosting treasury reserves
    • opposed to the standard QE mechanism which entails buying up of assets and securities with longer maturity periods

Related readings

General thoughts on Mark Zuckerberg’s warning of the internet’s role in Authoritarianism displacing Democracy

  • The polarization between democratic systems and authoritarian systems is becoming more apparent as China leverages its growing middle class to project it’s influence on the world stage a strategy that US has been utilizing for the past decades.
  • Facebook is a vehicle for projecting American values overseas.
  • The African continent remains a land grab for the two different regime types. Thus far, China has won out on the physical infrastructure and government level while FaceBook has won out on the community grassroots levels.
  • For the C Suite especially CMOs to execute their jobs well they need to be focused on what’s happening out there in the world as opposed to what’s happening within their own functional organization. It’s the VP of marketing’s job to handle what is within their own marketing organization.
  • Its a time when US companies will need to navigate the international markets while managing the challenges to their American values.
  • The Chinese government has done a better execution on that front with their One Belt Road initiative by clearing the path at the government level to facilitate the unhindered expansion at the commercial level by its enterprises.
  • Western media is working at full Rev to control the narrative frames that drives public opinions.
  • Mark Zuckerberg has masterfully leverage recent trends to reframe Libra as a champion of democratic ideals as opposed to a disintermediation force on central banks around the world.

Related references

Zuckerberg Warns China’s Censored Internet Could Still Win Out

Apple bows to China by removing Taiwanese emoji


Christian Dior apologizes for omitting Taiwan from Chinese map


China exerts pressure on NBA to fire key executive for tweet on Hong Kong unrest


Solomon island switches relationship to China from Taiwan


Kiribati switches relationship to China from Taiwan


Southeast Asia balances between Chinese Markets and US defense


Facebook Warns Washington That Beijing Wins If Libra Plan Fails



Simultaneous inflation and deflation pressures in China

China simultaneously experiences imported deflation and inflation. 

Drop in global demand for exports causes credit to unwind within the manufacturing sector. 

Swine flu and depleting foreign reserves causes price pig to increase. 

This will be a useful case study to observe the monetary and fiscal policy China implements to deal with simultaneous inflationary and deflationary pressures. 

China Factory Deflation Worsens as Pork Drives Consumer Prices  https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-10-15/china-factory-deflation-worsens-as-pork-drives-consumer-prices

Bloomberg does AB testing

Fascinating AB testing observed on the entire world’s population by major news networks. 

Barely 72 hours after the announcement of phase 1 trade deal, its accompanying mass euphoria and surge in world markets, the almost same exact photo with some slight changes in copyrighting and background color is released into production. 

It will be fascinating to observe the world’s reaction to this new AB year variant that just got released and the corresponding market price levels. 

Observed unwinding of credit in the market


  • Federal reserve starts reducing debt bought and brought onto their balance sheet during 2008
  • Federal reserve went on a series of interest rate hike from the period of 2016 to 2018
  • Trump starts Trade war in 2017 resulting in reduced global demand for American exports

Liquidity concerns experienced in sections of the markets around the world

Riots and unrest

Related readings


Thoughts of various asset class type and their usage

Investment environment parameters

  • Economic cycle
    • boom
    • recession
  • Inflation rates
    • High
    • Low
  • Currency type
    • Reserved currency
    • Non reserved currency
  • Exchange rates regime for non reserved currency owners
    • Fixed exchanges rate
    • Floating exchange rates
  • Recession type
    • (hyper) inflationary
    • deflationary
  • Federal reserve monetary policy
    • restrictive
    • expansive

Asset class types

Government bonds

  • good position to hold when government is unlikely to default and threat of inflationary recession looms
    • interest rates are inflation adjusted
  • high opportunity cost to hold position when economy is booming


  • good position to hold when hyper deleveraging is occurring within the system and Federal reserve has not responded with expansionary monetary policy
  • high opportunity cost to hold position when economy is booming

Mortgage REIT

  • good position to hold when threat of deflationary recession looms and the Federal reserve have started loosening monetary policy.
  • a tenuous position to hold during periods of hyper inflation because the interest gets offset by the inflation
  • a tenuous position when the Federal reserve starts tightening monetary policy
  • a tenuous position to hold when over leveraging is rampant within the system
  • high opportunity cost to hold position when the economy is booming

Equity REIT

  • good position to hold when the Federal reserve starts tightening monetary policy.
    • Credit becomes less available and thus more expensive
    • number of construction project drops
    • less supply driving up demand for existing inventory
  • high opportunity cost to hold position when the economy is booming


  • Use as a protection against hyper inflations
  • a tenuous position when the economy is in the early stage growth
    • demand for gold will drop as more funds gets allocated to risk assets
  • a tenuous position when the economic is heading into deflation
    • there is less money/credit within the system as compared to the amount of gold


  • Useful for hedging against outbreak of war
  • a tenuous position when recession and economic activity worldwide slows

Growth companies

  • Useful for riding an economy boom
  • a tenuous position to hold during the late stage of a credit cycle when too much leverage has been built up within the system and valuation is excessive

Value companies

  • Useful for riding a deflationary recession when credit becomes more expensive
  • High opportunity cost when economy is booming.

Related references

Observations on how public opinion is shaped in the US

Public opinion is observed to be very malleable and fickle. It’s highly susceptible to reshaping by main stream media.

In an unlikely twist of events, what was once presented as a war by the White House against China over trade and national security has overnight morphed to become a fight for American values like democracy, free speech and human rights.

While the ongoing unrest in Hong Kong have provided ample fuel, the tweet by NBA Houston Rockets general manager was the spark that caused the fire.

Related Readings

List of companies that have been heavily punished by macro economic trends to consider for purchase

The following list of companies have experienced major headwinds in the public markets

Enterprise SaaS Large Cap

  1. CRM
  2. WDAY
  3. VMW
  4. PANW
  5. INTU
  6. RHT
  7. ADBE
  8. VEEV
  9. NOW
  10. TEAM

Enterprise SaaS Mid Cap

  1. TWLO
  2. ZS
  3. MDB
  4. PCTY
  5. PD
  6. DOMO
  7. DDOG
  8. ZM
  9. WORK
  10. TEAM
  11. STMP
  12. DBX
  13. CRWD
  14. DOCU
  15. HUBS
  16. ESTC
  17. ZEN
  18. OKTA
  19. SPLK
  20. ZUO
  21. ZEN
  22. HUBS
  23. NET


  1. CTRIP
  2. BABA
  3. JD
  4. BIDU
  5. WB
  6. PDD
  7. SINA


  1. MU
  2. NVDA
  3. AMD
  4. MCHP
  5. INTC
  6. QCOM
  7. AVGO
  8. XLNX

Fluid dynamics within the markets

Approximately 10% of all companies listed on Nasdaq and NYSE fell by more than 10% over the past week. Its like a magnitude 5 earthquake happened and the entire market goes into panic mode.

During this occasion, it is fascinating to observe at a macro level the flow of money within the system.

Sources of liquidity

  • the white house administration has cut taxes over the past 2 fiscal years between 2017 and 2018.
  • the Federal reserve increase money supply through the repo market and by lowering interest rates
  • Central banks around the world lower interest rates
  • the high US dollar signals that money from around the world is flowing into the US market

High pressure areas

  • the price of gold moves steadily upwards
  • the price of US Treasury bonds signaled by the fall in US Treasury yield moves steadily upwards
  • the SnP hovers near all time high
  • Companies classified as value stocks are trading at all time high multiples

Anomalous vacuum

  • Companies classified as growth stocks are trading at huge discounts versus all time highs

Once the psychological impact of the current set of stimulus wears off and assuming the supply of money stays constant within the US market, it is very likely money will start flowing from high pressure areas to fill up the anomalous vacuum described above.